Albigensian Crusade
The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade (1209–1229) was a 20-year military campaign initiated by Pope Innocent III to eliminate Catharism in Languedoc, in the south of France. The Crusade was prosec...
Arnaud Amalric
Arnaud Amaury or Arnaud Amalric (died 1225) was a Cistercian abbot who took a prominent role in the Albigensian Crusade. He is most remembered for allegedly advising a soldier, who was worrying about ...
Augustine of Hippo
Augustine of Hippo (/ɔːˈɡʌstɨn/ or /ˈɔːɡəstɪn/; Latin: Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis;13 November 354 – 28 August 430), also known as Saint Augustine or Saint Austin, was an early Christian theol...
Disciples of Plotinus
The following is a list of disciples of Plotinus. The philosopher Plotinus was the founder of the school known as Neoplatonism.
Porphyry, the most important of Plotinus's pupils, was born in Tyre ...
Alexios I Komnenos
Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Although he was not ...
Diadochos of Photiki
Saint Diadochos of Photiki was a fifth-century ascetic whose works are included in the Philokalia.Scholars have acknowledged his great influence on later Byzantine saints such as Maximos the Confessor...
Henology
Henology (from Greek ἕν hen, "one") is the philosophical account or discourse on "The One" that appears most notably in the philosophy of Plotinus. Reiner Schürmann describes it as a "metaphysics of r...
God as the Devil
In Christian heresiology, there have been historical claims that certain Christian sects worshipped the devil. This was especially an issue in the reaction of the early Church to Gnosticism and its du...
Jacob Bar-Salibi
Jacob Bar-Salibi also known as Dionysius Bar-Salibi was the best-known and most prolific writer in the Syriac Orthodox Church of the twelfth century.
Bar-Salibi was, like Bar-Hebraeus, a native of...
Acts of Peter
The Acts of Peter is one of the earliest of the apocryphal Acts of the Apostles. The majority of the text has survived only in the Latin translation of the Vercelli manuscript, under the title Actus P...
Eupraxia of Kiev
Eupraxia of Kiev (c.1067/1070 – July 10, 1109 AD) (sometimes westernised as Praxedis; in Ukrainian Євпраксія, in Russian Евпраксия) was the daughter of Vsevolod I, Prince of Kiev. She married Hen...
Eusebius of Caesarea
Eusebius of Caesarea (/juːˈsiːbiəs/; Greek: Εὐσέβιος, Eusébios; AD 260/265 – 339/340), also known as Eusebius Pamphili, was a Roman historian, exegete, and Christian polemicist of Greek desc...
Siege of Nicaea (1113)
The Siege of Nicaea of 1113 occurred in the course of the Byzantine-Seljuk wars.Following the success of the First Crusade and the failure of the Crusade of 1101, the Turks resumed their offensive ope...
Split of early Christianity and Judaism
The split of early Christianity and Judaism took place during the first centuries of the Common Era. It is commonly attributed to a number of events, including the rejection and crucifixion of Jesus (...
Iamblichus
Iamblichus, also known as Iamblichus Chalcidensis, or Iamblichus of Apamea (Greek: Ἰάμβλιχος, probably from Syriac or Aramaic ya-mlku, "He is king"; c. 245 – c. 325 AD), was a Syrian Neoplatonist phil...
Photios I of Constantinople
Photios I (Greek: Φώτιος Phōtios; c. 810 – c. 893), also spelled Photius (/ˈfoʊʃəs/) or Fotios, was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 858 to 867 and from 877 to 886; He is recognized...
1 Timothy 2:12
1 Timothy 2:12 is a passage from the first letter, 1 Timothy, of the pastoral epistles in the New Testament. It is familiarly quoted using the King James Version translation: "But I suffer not a ...
Massacre at Béziers
The Massacre at Béziers refers to the slaughter of the inhabitants during the sack of Béziers, an event that took place on July 22, 1209, and was the first major military action of the Albigensian Cr...
Ambrose of Alexandria
Ambrose of Alexandria (before 212 – c. 250) was a friend of the Christian theologian Origen. Ambrose was attracted by Origen's fame as a teacher, and visited the Catechetical School of Alexandria in 2...
Amelius
Amelius (Greek: Ἀμέλιος), whose family name was Gentilianus, was a Neoplatonist philosopher and writer of the second half of the 3rd century. He was a native of Tuscany. Originally a student of the wo...
Biblical law in Christianity
The "Old Covenant", also referred to as the Mosaic covenant, the Law of Moses, divine law, Biblical law or God's Law, refers to the religious law codified in the first five books (Pentateuch) of the O...
Naskh (tafsir)
Naskh (نسخ) is an Arabic language word usually translated as "abrogation"; it shares the same root as the words appearing in the phrase al-nāsikh wal-mansūkh (الناسخ والمنسوخ, "the abrogating and abro...
Serapion of Antioch
Serapion was a Patriarch of Antioch (191–211). He is known primarily through his theological writings. His feast day is celebrated on October 30.Serapion was considered one of the chief theologians of...
Isaac the Blind
Rabbi Yitzhak Saggi Nehor (רַבִּי יִצְחַק סַגִּי נְהוֹר), also known as Isaac the Blind (c. 1160–1235 in Provence, France), has the Aramaic epithet "Saggi Nehor" meaning "of Much Light" in the s...
André-Jean Festugière
André-Jean Festugière O.P. (15 March 1898, Paris – 13 August 1982, Saint-Dizier) was a French Dominican friar, philosopher, philologist, and expert on Neoplatonism, and in particular the works of Proc...
Bar Hebraeus
Gregory Bar Hebraeus (1226 – 30 July 1286) was a catholicos (bishop) of the Syriac Orthodox Church in the 13th century. He is noted for his works addressing philosophy, poetry, language, history, an...
Numenius of Apamea
Numenius of Apamea (Ancient Greek: Νουμήνιος ὁ ἐξ Ἀπαμείας) was a Greek philosopher, who lived in Apamea in Syria and flourished during the latter half of the 2nd century AD. He was a Neopythagor...
Jeffrey Satinover
Jeffrey Burke Satinover (September 4, 1947) is an American psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, and physicist. He is known for books on a number of controversial topics in physics and neuroscience, and on rel...
Methodius of Olympus
The Church Father and Saint Methodius of Olympus (died c. 311) was a Christian bishop, ecclesiastical author, and martyr.
Few reports have survived on the life of this first systematic opponent of...