Albigensian Crusade
The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade (1209–1229) was a 20-year military campaign initiated by Pope Innocent III to eliminate Catharism in Languedoc, in the south of France. The Crusade was prosec...
Albigensian Crusade - Wikipedia
Augustine of Hippo
Augustine of Hippo (/ɔːˈɡʌstɨn/ or /ˈɔːɡəstɪn/; Latin: Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis;13 November 354 – 28 August 430), also known as Saint Augustine or Saint Austin, was an early Christian theol...
Augustine of Hippo - Wikipedia
Faithful saying
The faithful sayings (translated as trustworthy saying in the NIV) are sayings in the pastoral epistles of the New Testament. There are five saying with this label, and the Greek phrase (πιστος ο λογο...
Disciples of Plotinus
The following is a list of disciples of Plotinus. The philosopher Plotinus was the founder of the school known as Neoplatonism.
Porphyry, the most important of Plotinus's pupils, was born in Tyre ...
Disciples of Plotinus - Wikipedia
Alexios I Komnenos
Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Although he was not ...
Alexios I Komnenos - Wikipedia
Seljuq campaigns in the Aegean
The Seljuq campaigns in the Aegean refer to the ground and naval actions conducted by the Seljuk Turks, chiefly under the leadership of Tzachas of Smyrna against the Byzantine Empire. A fierce opponen...
Problem of Hell
The problem of Hell is an ethical problem in religion where the notion of Hell as existing for the punishment of souls is regarded as inconsistent with notion of an omnibenevolent God. It derives fro...
Problem of Hell - Wikipedia
Henology
Henology (from Greek ἕν hen, "one") is the philosophical account or discourse on "The One" that appears most notably in the philosophy of Plotinus. Reiner Schürmann describes it as a "metaphysics of r...
God as the Devil
In Christian heresiology, there have been historical claims that certain Christian sects worshipped the devil. This was especially an issue in the reaction of the early Church to Gnosticism and its du...
Jacob Bar-Salibi
Jacob Bar-Salibi also known as Dionysius Bar-Salibi was the best-known and most prolific writer in the Syriac Orthodox Church of the twelfth century.
Bar-Salibi was, like Bar-Hebraeus, a native of...
Eupraxia of Kiev
Eupraxia of Kiev (c.1067/1070 – July 10, 1109 AD) (sometimes westernised as Praxedis; in Ukrainian Євпраксія, in Russian Евпраксия) was the daughter of Vsevolod I, Prince of Kiev. She married Hen...
Eupraxia of Kiev - Wikipedia
Eusebius of Caesarea
Eusebius of Caesarea (/juːˈsiːbiəs/; Greek: Εὐσέβιος, Eusébios; AD 260/265 – 339/340), also known as Eusebius Pamphili, was a Roman historian, exegete, and Christian polemicist of Greek desc...
Eusebius of Caesarea - Wikipedia
Diadochos of Photiki
Saint Diadochos of Photiki was a fifth-century ascetic whose works are included in the Philokalia.Scholars have acknowledged his great influence on later Byzantine saints such as Maximos the Confessor...
Photios I of Constantinople
Photios I (Greek: Φώτιος Phōtios; c. 810 – c. 893), also spelled Photius (/ˈfoʊʃəs/) or Fotios, was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 858 to 867 and from 877 to 886; He is recognized...
Photios I of Constantinople - Wikipedia
1 Timothy 2:12
1 Timothy 2:12 is a passage from the first letter, 1 Timothy, of the pastoral epistles in the New Testament. It is familiarly quoted using the King James Version translation: "But I suffer not a ...
Amelius
Amelius (Greek: Ἀμέλιος), whose family name was Gentilianus, was a Neoplatonist philosopher and writer of the second half of the 3rd century. He was a native of Tuscany. Originally a student of the wo...
First Epistle to Timothy
The First Epistle of Paul to Timothy, usually referred to simply as First Timothy and often written 1 Timothy, is one of three letters in the New Testament of the Bible often grouped together as the P...
First Epistle to Timothy - Wikipedia
Byzantine-Norman wars
A number of wars between the Normans and the Byzantine Empire were fought from c. 1050 until 1185 when the last Norman invasion of Byzantine territory was defeated. At the end of the conflict, neither...
Byzantine-Norman wars - Wikipedia
Massacre at Béziers
The Massacre at Béziers refers to the slaughter of the inhabitants during the sack of Béziers, an event that took place on July 22, 1209, and was the first major military action of the Albigensian Cr...
Ambrose of Alexandria
Ambrose of Alexandria (before 212 – c. 250) was a friend of the Christian theologian Origen. Ambrose was attracted by Origen's fame as a teacher, and visited the Catechetical School of Alexandria in 2...
Serapion of Antioch
Serapion was a Patriarch of Antioch (191–211). He is known primarily through his theological writings. His feast day is celebrated on October 30.Serapion was considered one of the chief theologians of...
Isaac the Blind
Rabbi Yitzhak Saggi Nehor (רַבִּי יִצְחַק סַגִּי נְהוֹר), also known as Isaac the Blind (c. 1160–1235 in Provence, France), has the Aramaic epithet "Saggi Nehor" meaning "of Much Light" in the s...
André-Jean Festugière
André-Jean Festugière O.P. (15 March 1898, Paris – 13 August 1982, Saint-Dizier) was a French Dominican friar, philosopher, philologist, and expert on Neoplatonism, and in particular the works of Proc...
Leo of Chalcedon
Leo of Chalcedon was an 11th-century Eastern Orthodox bishop at Chalcedon who opposed the appropriation of church treasures by Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos between 1081 and 1091.Alexios I was ...
The Shepherd of Hermas
The Shepherd of Hermas (Greek: Ποιμὴν τοῦ Ἑρμᾶ; sometimes just called The Shepherd) is a Christian literary work of the 2nd century, considered a valuable book by many Christians, and considered c...
Methodius of Olympus
The Church Father and Saint Methodius of Olympus (died c. 311) was a Christian bishop, ecclesiastical author, and martyr.
Few reports have survived on the life of this first systematic opponent of...
Niketas Choniates
Niketas or Nicetas Choniates (Greek: Νικήτας Χωνιάτης, ca. 1155 to 1215 or 1216), whose real surname was Akominatos (Ἀκομινάτος), was a Greek Byzantine government official and historian – like his...
Niketas Choniates - Wikipedia
Acts of Peter
The Acts of Peter is one of the earliest of the apocryphal Acts of the Apostles. The majority of the text has survived only in the Latin translation of the Vercelli manuscript, under the title Actus P...