Ancient philosophy
This page lists some links to ancient philosophy. In Western philosophy, the spread of Christianity through the Roman Empire marked the ending of Hellenistic philosophy and ushered in the beginnings o...
'Aristotle's Tomb' Discovered By Archaeologist
A Greek archaeologist believes he may have discovered Aristotle’s tomb. Konstantinos Sismanidis excavated the birthplace of the ancient philosopher in northern Greece in the 1990s, and now thinks that...
Chinese philosophy
Chinese philosophy originates in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States eras, during a period known as the "Hundred Schools of Thought", which was characterized by significa...
Hundred Schools of Thought
The Hundred Schools of Thought (simplified Chinese: 诸子百家; traditional Chinese: 諸子百家; pinyin: zhūzǐ bǎijiā; Wade–Giles: chu-tzu pai-chia; literally: "all philosophers hundred school...
Ancient Greek philosophy
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire. It dealt with a wide variety...
Indian philosophy
Indian philosophy (Sanskrit: darśana) refers to the philosophical traditions of the Indian subcontinent. Since the late medieval age (ca.1000–1500) schools of Indian philosophical thought have been id...
Jain philosophy
Jain philosophy deals with metaphysics, reality, cosmology, ontology, epistemology and divinity. Jainism is a transtheistic religion of ancient India. The distinguishing features of Jain philosophy ar...
Buddhist philosophy
Buddhist philosophy is the elaboration and explanation of the delivered teachings of the Buddha as found in the Tripitaka and Agama. Its main concern is with explicating the dharmas constituting reali...
Sramana
Sramana (Sanskrit: श्रमण Śramaṇa; Pali: समण samaṇa) means "seeker." Sramanic practice and inquiry insists on the direct and authentic investigation of the experience of being human (Stephen Co...
Iranian philosophy
Iranian philosophy or Persian philosophy can be traced back as far as to Old Iranian philosophical traditions and thoughts which originated in ancient Indo-Iranian roots and were considerably influenc...
Natural philosophy
Natural philosophy or the philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern sci...
'Aristotle's Tomb' Discovered By Archaeologist
A Greek archaeologist believes he may have discovered Aristotle’s tomb. Konstantinos Sismanidis excavated the birthplace of the ancient philosopher in northern Greece in the 1990s, and now thinks that...
Nine Schools of Thought
The Nine Schools of Thought were the primary schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought period of China during the Eastern Zhou dynasty.They were:Although only the first three of these went on to r...
Free will in antiquity
Free will in antiquity was not discussed in the same terms as used in the modern free will debates, but historians of the problem have speculated who exactly was first to take positions as determinist...
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (/ˈɡɜrtə/; [ˈjoːhan ˈvɔlfɡaŋ fɔn ˈɡøːtə]; 28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a var...
Zen
Zen is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that developed in China during the 6th century as Chán. From China, Zen spread south to Vietnam, northeast to Korea and east to Japan.Zen emphasizes rigorous medi...
List of Chinese philosophers
This article is a list of Chinese philosophers.
Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton (/ˈnjuːtən/; 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/7) was an English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recogni...
Legalism (Chinese philosophy)
In ancient China, Legalism (Chinese: 法家; pinyin: fă jiā) refers to political philosophy emphasizing rule by law, developing it into a precise, inflexible institution under the aegis of the fi...