Almoravid dynasty
The Almoravids (Berber: ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴹⴻⵏ Imṛabḍen, Arabic: المرابطون‎ Al-Murābiṭūn) were a Berber dynasty of Morocco, who formed an empire in the 11th century that stretched over the wester...
1113–15 Balearic Islands expedition
In 1114, an expedition to the Balearic Islands, then a Muslim taifa, was launched in the form of a Crusade. Founded on a treaty of 1113 between the Republic of Pisa and Ramon Berenguer III, Count of B...
Conquest of Santarém
The Conquest of Santarém took place on 15 March 1147, when the troops of the Kingdom of Portugal under the leadership of Afonso I of Portugal captured the Moorish city of Santarém.
On 10 March 114...
Yusuf ibn al-Sayrafi
For the Egyptian author from the Fatimid era, see: Abu-l-Qasim Ali Ibn al-Sayrafi (d. 1147)Yusuf ibn al-Sayrafi ( died c. 557/1161) was a historian from Al-Andalus, and secretary of the Almoravid sult...
Yahya ibn Umar al-Lamtuni
Abu Zakariyya Yahya ibn Umar ibn Talagagin ibn Turgut ibn Wartasin, commonly suffixed al-Lamtuni al-Sanhaji, (d. near Azuggi, 1056) was a chieftain of the Lamtuna of the Branès, part of the Sanhaja c...
Waggag ibn Zallu al-Lamti
Waggag Ibn Zallu al-Lamti (Arabic: وݣاݣ بن زلو اللمطي‎ also written وجاج بن زلو اللمطي) (died 11th-century in Aglu near Tiznit, Morocco) was a Moroccan Maliki scholar and jurist who lived in...
Dobla
The dobla (plural: doblas), including dobla castellana (excelente), gran dobla, dobla de la Banda, dobla cruzada, dobla alfonsi and dobla almohade, was the name of various Iberian gold coins between t...
Ishaq ibn Ali
Ishaq ibn Ali (died April 1147) was the eighth and last Almoravid king who reigned shortly in 1147.Ibrahim was the uncle of his predecessor as emir, Ibrahim ibn Tashfin, and was killed after the con...
Great Mosque of Tlemcen
The Great Mosque of Tlemcen (Arabic: الجامع الكبير لتلمسان‎, el-Jemaa el-Kebir litilimcen) was first built in Tlemcen, Algeria in 1082. It is one of the best preserved examples of Almoravid ...
Avempace
Avempace (c. 1085 – 1138) is the Latinate form of Ibn Bâjja (Arabic: ابن باجه‎), full name Abû Bakr Muḥammad Ibn Yaḥyà ibn aṣ-Ṣâ’igh at-Tûjîbî Ibn Bâjja al-Tujibi (أبو بكر م...
Yahya Ibn Ibrahim
Yahya Ibn Ibrahim (c. 440/1048) was a leader of the Banu Gudala tribe. Yahya Ibn Ibrahim's primary significance was in his involvement with Abdallah ibn Yasin, an African Muslim theologian who founded...
Battle of Ourique
The Battle of Ourique (25 July 1139: St. James Day) saw the forces of Portuguese Prince Afonso Henriques (of the House of Burgundy) defeat the Almoravid Moors led by Ali ibn Yusuf.
It was during t...
Aoudaghost
Aoudaghost (also known as Awadaghust, Awdughast, Awdaghusht and Awdhaghurst) was an important oasis town at the southern end of a trans-Saharan caravan route that is mentioned in a number of early Ara...
Ibrahim ibn Tashfin
Ibrahim ibn Tashfin (died 1147) was the seventh Almoravid king, who reigned shortly in 1146–1147. Once the news of the death of his father Tashfin ibn Ali reached Marrakech, he was proclaimed k...
Spanish maravedí
The maravedí ([maɾaβ̞eˈð̞i]) was the name of various Iberian coins of gold and then silver between the 11th and 14th centuries and the name of different Iberian accounting units between the 11th and 1...
Abdallah ibn Yasin
Abdallah Ibn Yasin (died 7 July 1059 C.E. in "Krifla" near Rommani, Morocco) was a theologian and founder of the Almoravid movement and dynasty.
Abdallah ibn Yasin was from the tribe of the Jazula...
Ghana Bassi
Ghana Bassi was a leader of the Ghana empire during the time of conquest by the Almoravids. The Almoravids had grown in power while seeking Sahara trade routes. They started a war with Ghana under Abu...
Zaynab an-Nafzawiyyah
Zaynab an-Nafzāwiyyah (Berber: Zineb Tanefzawt, Arabic: زينب النفزاوية‎) (fl. 11th century), was a Berber woman of influence in the early days of the Almoravid Berber empire which gained con...
Siege of Coria (1142)
The second Siege of Coria by the Emperor Alfonso VII of León was begun in early May 1142 and ended with the taking of the town in June. Coria had previously been reconquered in 1079 by Alfonso VI. It ...
Ibn Sahl of Seville
Ibn Sahl (Arabic: أبو إسحاق إبرهيم بن سهل الإسرائيلي الإشبيلي Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Ibn Sahl al-Isra'ili al-Ishbili) of Seville (1212–1251) is considered one of the greatest Moorish poets of Andalusia of...
Fatima al-Fihri
Fatima Muhammad Al-Fihri (فاطمة محمد الفهري, nicknamed Oum al Banine "mother of the children", died 880), daughter of a wealthy businessman,in 859 founded a mosque and madrasa in Fes, Morocco (then ...
Ali ibn Yusuf
Ali ibn Yusuf (Arabic: علي بن يوسف‎) (died 26 January 1143) was the 5th Almoravid king he reigned 1106–1143.
Ali was recognized as the heir of his father Yusuf ibn Tashfin in 1102....
Ibn Khafaja
'Ibn Khafajah (إبن خفاجة) or Abu Ishaq Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Abu Al-Fath Ibn Khafajah (1058-1138/9) of Alzira was one of the most famous poets of Al-Andalus during the reign of the Almoravids. He was born ...
Tashfin ibn Ali
Tashfin ibn Ali (died 23 March 1145, or 25 March 1145 C.E) was the 6th Almoravid king, he reigned in 1143–1145.
Tashfin ibn Ali was appointed Governor of Granada and Almería in 1129, as we...
Yusuf ibn Tashfin
Yusuf ibn Tashfin also, Tashafin, or Teshufin; or Yusuf; (Full name: Yûsuf bnu Tâšfîn Nâçereddîn bnu Tâlâkâkîn as-Sanhâjî, Arabic: يوسف بن تاشفين ناصر الدين بن تالاكاكين الصنهاجي ‎; reigned ...
Averroes
Averroës (/əˈvɛroʊˌiːz/; April 14, 1126 – December 10, 1198) is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd (Arabic: ابن رشد‎), full name ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rušd (أبو الوليد محمد ابن ا...