Age of Sail
The Age of Sail was a period roughly corresponding to the early modern period in which international trade and naval warfare were dominated by sailing ships, lasting from the 16th to the mid-19th cent...
Age of Sail - Wikipedia
The San Agustin : California Shipwreck - A Brief History of the Manila Galleon Trade
Segment profiling The History of the Manila Galleon Trade : 250 Years 1565-1815 The San Agustin sank in November, 1595 in the waters off Point Reyes, California. It is the oldest known shipwreck on th...
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
Age of Discovery
Artwork and map animation help illustrate the exciting voyages of Prince Henry the Navigator, Díaz, Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Magellan, Ponce de León, Balboa,...
Winds in the Age of Sail
The captain of a steam ship naturally chooses the shortest route to his destination. Since a sailing ship is pushed by the winds and currents its captain must find a route where the wind will probably...
Winds in the Age of Sail - Wikipedia
Volta do mar
"Volta do mar", "volta do mar largo" or "volta do largo", (the phrase in Portuguese means literally turn of the sea but also return from the sea) is a navigational technique perfected by Portuguese na...
Volta do mar - Wikipedia
Age of Discovery
The Age of Discovery is a period of European global exploration that started in the early 15th century with the first Portuguese discoveries in the Atlantic archipelagos and Africa, as well as the dis...
Age of Discovery - Wikipedia
Society of Merchant Venturers
The Society of Merchant Venturers (or just the Merchant Venturers) is a private entrepreneurial and charitable organisation in the English city of Bristol, which dates back to the 13th century. At one...
Society of Merchant Venturers - Wikipedia
Was Magellan The First Person To Circumnavigate The Globe?
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan is often credited as being the first person to have circumnavigated the globe, but the reality of his journey is a bit more complicated.
Caravel
A caravel (Portuguese: caravela, [kɐɾɐˈvɛlɐ]) is a small, highly maneuverable sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Portuguese to explore. along the West African coast and into the Atlanti...
Caravel - Wikipedia
Walker circulation
The Walker circulation, also known as the Walker cell, is a conceptual model of the air flow in the tropics in the lower atmosphere (troposphere). According to this model, parcels of air follow a clo...
Walker circulation - Wikipedia
El Niño-Southern Oscillation
El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), refers to the effects of a band of sea surface temperatures which are anomalously warm or cold for long periods of time that develops off the western coast of Sout...
El Niño-Southern Oscillation - Wikipedia
Globalization
Globalization (or globalisation) is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture. Advances in transportation and ...
Roaring Forties
The Roaring Forties are strong westerly winds found in the Southern Hemisphere, generally between the latitudes of 40 and 50 degrees. The strong west-to-east air currents are caused by the combination...
Roaring Forties - Wikipedia
Exploration
Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources. Exploration occurs in all non-sessile animal species, including humans. In human history, its most dramati...
Spice trade
The spice trade refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe. Spices such as cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, pepper, and turmeric were known, and used ...
Spice trade - Wikipedia
Fusta
The fusta or fuste (also called foist or galliot) was a narrow, light and fast ship with shallow draft, powered by both oars and sail—in essence a small galley. It typically had 12 to 18 two-man rowi...
Fusta - Wikipedia
East India Company
The East India Company (EIC), more properly called the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), was an English joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up tradin...
East India Company - Wikipedia
Sail-plan
A sail-plan is a set of drawings, usually prepared by a naval architect. It shows the various combinations of sail proposed for a sailing ship.The combinations shown in a sail-plan almost always inclu...
Sail-plan - Wikipedia
The Fortune of War
The Fortune of War is the sixth historical novel n the Aubrey-Maturin series by British author Patrick O'Brian, first published in 1979. It is set during the War of 1812.HMS Leopard made its way to Bo...
The Fortune of War - Wikipedia
British East India Company
The East India Company (EIC), more properly called the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), was an English joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up tradin...
British East India Company - Wikipedia
C. S. Forester
Cecil Louis Troughton Smith (27 August 1899 — 2 April 1966), known by his pen name Cecil Scott "C. S." Forester, was an English novelist who rose to fame with tales of naval warfare. His most notable ...
C. S. Forester - Wikipedia
Trade wind
The trade winds (sometimes called trades) are the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the tr...
Trade wind - Wikipedia
Trade between Western Europe and the Mughal Empire in the 17th century

Contact between Western Europe and the Mughal empire was put into practice in the very beginning of the 17th century. The Portuguese, English, and later on, the Dutch were the ones to trade with ...
Trade between Western Europe and the Mughal Empire in the 17th century - Wikipedia
Hasanudin
Mulana Hasanudin (also spelled Hasanuddin) was the second ruler of the Banten Sultanate, following the mysterious Sunan Gunungjati when he left to found Cirebon. Hasanudin reigned from c. 1552 to 15...
Hasanudin - Wikipedia