Why We Should Defend The Enlightenment
Defining the Enlightenment, in time, space and substance, has proven challenging. Yet agreement does exist about certain ideas that originated or matured during this period, about political and econom...
Three Minute Philosophy - Immanuel Kant - YouTube
Dec 11, 2009 ... Three Minute Philosophy - Immanuel Kant. CollegeBinary·52 videos ... Kant's Ethics 1by Richard Brown31,920 views; 14:35. Watch Later
George Berkeley
George Berkeley (/ˈbɑrkleɪ/ or /ˈbɑrklɪ/; 12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753), also known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne), was an Anglo-Irish philosopher whose primary achievement wa...
David Hume
David Hume (/ˈhjuːm/; 7 May 1711 NS – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish historian, philosopher, economist, diplomat and essayist known today especially for his radical philosophical empiricism and scept...
Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant (/kænt/; [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl kant]; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamen...
Gottfried Leibniz
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (/ˈlaɪbnɪts/; [ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm fɔn ˈlaɪbnɪts] or [ˈlaɪpnɪts]; July 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher.He occupies a prominent place in ...
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (/ruːˈsoʊ/; [ʒɑ̃ʒak ʁuso]; 28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the...
Adam Smith
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and key Scottish Enlightenment figure.Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory...
Voltaire
François-Marie Arouet ([fʁɑ̃.swa ma.ʁi aʁ.wɛ]; 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire (/voʊlˈtɛər/; [vɔl.tɛːʁ]), was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosop...
Why We Should Defend The Enlightenment
Defining the Enlightenment, in time, space and substance, has proven challenging. Yet agreement does exist about certain ideas that originated or matured during this period, about political and econom...
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Johann Gottlieb Fichte (/ˈfɪxtə/; [ˈjoːhan ˈɡɔtliːp ˈfɪçtə]; May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814) was a German philosopher. He was one of the founding figures of the philosophical movement known as German...
Giuseppa Barbapiccola
Giuseppa Eleonora Barbapiccola (1702 – ca 1740) was a notable woman in science as an Italian natural philosopher, poet and translator. She is best known for her translation of René Descartes' Principl...
Gabriel Wagner
Gabriel Wagner (c. 1660 – c. 1717) was a radical German philosopher and materialist who wrote under the nom-de-plume Realis de Vienna. A follower of Spinoza and acquaintance of Leibniz, Wagner did no...
Lessing Theater
The Lessing Theater was a theatre in the Mitte district of Berlin, Germany. It opened in 1888 and was destroyed in April 1945 in a bombing raid; its ruins were demolished after World War II.The constr...
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing ([ˈlɛsɪŋ]; 22 January 1729 – 15 February 1781) was a German writer, philosopher, dramatist, publicist and art critic, and one of the most outstanding representatives of the En...
Nature versus nurture
Scholarly and popular discussion about nature and nurture relates to the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities ("nature" in the sense of nativism or innatism) as compared to an indiv...
Johann Martin Chladenius
Johann Martin Chladni (Latinized Chladenius) (Lutherstadt Wittenberg, 17 April 1710 – Erlangen, 10 September 1759) was a German philosopher, theologian and historian, who is seen as one of the founder...
Henry Home, Lord Kames
Henry Home, Lord Kames (1696 – 27 December 1782) was a Scottish advocate, judge, philosopher, writer and agricultural improver. A central figure of the Scottish Enlightenment, a founder...
Christoph Meiners
Christoph Meiners (31 July 1747 – 1 May 1810) was a German philosopher and historian, born in Warstade. He supported a polygenist theory of human origins.Chistoph Meiners was born in Warstade (n...
Bernard Mandeville
Bernard Mandeville, or Bernard de Mandeville (15 November 1670 – 21 January 1733), was an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist. Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, he lived most of h...
Giovanni Battista Scaramelli
Giovanni Battista Scaramelli (24 November 1687 – 11 January 1752) was an Italian Jesuit, ethicist and ascetical writer.
He was born at Rome and died at Macerata in 1752. He entered the Society of ...
Moses Mendelssohn
Moses Mendelssohn (6 September 1729 – 4 January 1786) was a German Jewish philosopher to whose ideas the Haskalah, the 'Jewish enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, is indebt...
Kantianism
Kantianism is the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher born in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia). The term "Kantianism" or "Kantian" is sometimes also used to describe contemp...
Ruđer Bošković
Roger Joseph Boscovich (Croatian: Ruđer Josip Bošković, [rûd͡ʑer jǒsip bôʃkoʋit͡ɕ] (see also names in other languages); 18 May 1711 – 13 February 1787) was a Ragusan physicist, astronomer, ma...
Johann Heinrich Ernesti
Johann Heinrich Ernesti (12 March 1652 – 16 October 1729) was a Saxon philosopher, Lutheran theologian, Latin classicist and poet. He was rector of the Thomasschule, and Professor of Poetry at Leipzig...
Denis Diderot
Denis Diderot ([dəni didʁo]; 5 October 1713 – 31 July 1784) was a French philosopher, art critic and writer. He was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment and is best known for serving as co-foun...
Robert Greene (philosopher)
Robert Greene (1678?-1730), was an English philosopher.Greene, the son of Robert Greene, a mercer of Tamworth, Staffordshire, by his wife Mary Pretty of Fazeley, was born about 1678. His father, who a...
Dai Zhen (Qing Dynasty)
Dai Zhen (Chinese: 戴震; pinyin: Dài Zhèn; Wade–Giles: Tai Chen, January 19, 1724 – July 1, 1777) was a prominent Chinese scholar of the Qing dynasty from Xiuning, Anhui. A versatile scholar...
John Nicholas Muscat
Gio' Niccolo' Muscat (1735-c.1800) was a Maltese doctor of law, and a major philosopher. His area of specialisation in philosophy was chiefly jurisprudence.
Muscat was born into a very poor family...